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language="javascript" src="/images/systemresourcejsdynclicks.js"></script><script language="javascript" src="/images/_dwrinterfaceNewsvoteDWR.js"></script><script language="javascript" src="/images/_dwrengine.js"></script><script language="javascript" src="/images/systemresourcejsnewsnewscontent.js"></script><LINK href="/images/info1197systemresourcestylecomponentnewscontentformat2css.css" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet"><form name="_newscontent_fromname"> <div> <p align="center"><span class="c1344_title">盐池县古城简ä»?/span></p> <div align="center"><span class="c1344_date">2017å¹?1æœ?2æ—?11:20 </span><span class="c1344_author"> </span><span class="c1344_click">点击:[<script>_showDynClicks("wbnews", 921511846, 12652)</script>] </span></div> <hr> <div id="vsb_content_2" class="c1344_content"><p></p> <p align="center"><strong>安定堡城址</strong></p> <p>安定堡古城位于盐池县城西åŒ?0公里处的安定堡村ä¸?千米,其东、西、北三面有长城墙体环绕。安定堡四面墙垣、角台及马面均用黄沙土夯筑而成,墙垣外侧包砖已被当地村民拆毁,墙体内侧无包砖。城内地面高于城外地面,地势东高西低,东南角地势相对较高。堡内遍布残砖碎瓦,房屋基址已被挖毁ã€?/p> <p>《嘉靖宁夏新志》记载,为明时的重要关塞,“深沟高垒”上的重要城障之一。鞑靼部多次由此破长城入塞内,宁夏后卫指挥使在此曾多次遇强敌,驻有兵é©?00员,置有操守官分守此地。原有寺庙已毁,城外有今人新建筑的庙宇ã€?/p> <p>安定堡整体保存一般,其四面城墙、角台、北墙马面保存较好。堡门址及瓮城门址残毁不存ã€?/p> <p></p> <p align="center"><strong>高平堡古åŸ?/strong></p> <p>高平堡古城位于花马池镇十六堡村,古王高速公路依古城南墙而过。四周丘陵起伏,从古城向东为一大斜坡,城内荒芜。始筑于嘉靖十年ï¼?531年),城平面为方形,边长çº?50米,墙以黄土夯筑,高3-7米,基宽7米,顶宽1-2米,夯层åŽ?0厘米。东墙辟门,门外设瓮城,城四隅有角台。城内有大量砖、瓦及瓷器残片,城外有三处台基遗址</p> <p>据《嘉靖宁夏新志》记载,古城为明代长城沿线的城障之一,为屯兵之所ã€?/p> <p align="center"><strong>花马池古åŸ?/strong></p> <p>位于盐池花马池镇(今县城),旧城筑于明正统八年(公元1443年)。始在塞外花马池北。天顺年间改筑今地。万历八年(公元1580年),甃以砖石,清乾隆六年(公元1741年)重修。雍正三年(公元1725年)省并设置于正德二年(公元1507年)的宁夏后卫,改置花马池分洲,隶属灵洲ã€?913年改置称盐池县,建国以后,城外包砖及城内寺庙保存较为完整ã€?965年“文革”前期夕,城中央的钟鼓楼被拆毁,城内寺庙陆续遭到损毁ã€?971年,墙外包砖被拆毁,因修建人防工程。近10年政府利用旧城改造加大对花马池古城的保护维修力度,先后维修古城南城墙及北墙三星阁等建筑。花马池古城今为县政府驻地ã€?/p> <p align="center"><img border="0" src="/images/_mediafileycwebsite201603292sabfhc3de.jpg" width="600" align="middle" /></p> <p>花马池名称的由来。据今清乾隆《定边县志》载,古城以盐易马而得名“换马池”,又以谐音和雅化等因素演化而称“花马池”。城因池名ã€?/p> <p>1986å¹?月,盐池县政府公布为县级文物保护单位ï¼?006å¹?月自治区政府公布为自治区重点文物保护单位ã€?/p> <p align="center"><strong>惠安堡城</strong></p> <p align="center"><img border="0" src="/images/_mediafileycwebsite201603292w2rorl3hh.jpg" width="600" align="middle" />   </p> <p>    位于盐池县惠安堡镇镇è¥?500米惠安堡行政村,东距惠安堡镇政府1500米,南邻清真大寺500米,西靠惠安堡盐湖,北为碱滩。东紧邻211国道。明代,尚未核定为保护单位。银平公路西侧,城址平面近方形。东西长242米,南北å®?10米,黄土夯筑,夯层厚0.2米左右,墙残é«?-8米,基宽5-10米,顶部å®?-4米。东墙已被毁,北墙仅存瓮城及至西南角å?48米的城墙。北瓮城保存较好,南瓮城门宽3.8米,é«?.5米,其城门上镶嵌青石质门盈,上书"阜财"二字。古城中间有一建筑基址,地面散布有明代砖瓦和瓷器残片。故城现西墙保存基本完好,南墙仅保存瓮城至西南角台,东墙已毁,北墙除瓮城至西北角台残存外,其余被毁ã€?008年在惠安堡故城北城墙北门瓮城处建玉皇阁ã€?/p> <p align="center"><strong>毛卜剌古城堡</strong></p> <p>毛卜剌古城堡在盐池县城西åŒ?9公里,今属高沙窝镇宝塔村。东至兴武营15公里,南至徐庄å­?公里,西抵录芒墩与灵武接界å¤?.5公里,北临长城近百米ã€?</p> <p align="center"><img border="0" src="/images/_mediafileycwebsite201603294qs5x1i3i6.jpg" width="600" align="middle" /></p> <p>唐高宗调露元å¹?公元679å¹?于灵å·?夏州南境置鲁、丽、塞、含、依、契六胡å·?毛卜剌以其地属鲁州。明时余子俊筑河东墙又于长城沿线筑城å ?毛卜剌为其中之一,是长城沿线的城障,隶属于宁夏东路协同兴武营管辖。据《嘉靖宁 夏新å¿?middot;卷三》载“城周回一里七åˆ?高二丈三尺。置旗军一百名、操守官一员、守堡官一员。征操马八十四匹、走递骡两头、官厅一所、操守宅一所、仓一所、草场一所。”北墙置有暗é—?东墙正中辟门带瓮城。领烽喉21åº?管理边墙53.2里,置有暖铺52个。今考证:城址矩形,见方250米。黄土夯ç­?基宽10米以上,残高9米左右,其上有女墙,残宽2-4米,夯土åŽ?0厘米左右。堡城四周丘陵起ä¼?坐落在低洼处。是河东长城沿线保存最好的城堡之一。明嘉靖十年(公元1531å¹?王琼ç­?“深沟高垒”时,对兴武营以西地段的河东墙有修葺。“自黑水以东五十é‡?由参将史经所部兵二千作之;毛卜剌以东二十四é‡?由都指挥吴吉、郑时以防秋兵三千作之”。在修葺这段长城的同时对城堡也进行了修缮。毛卜剌堡肩负着西接清水营界,东接兴武营界的军事防御任务ã€?/p> <p align="center"><b> </b></p> <p align="center"><b>铁柱泉古åŸ?/b></p> <p>铁柱泉古城,位于盐池冯记沟乡铁柱泉村è¥?00米处。明弘治十三年(1500年)总制秦紘始筑,嘉靖十五年ï¼?536年)总制刘天和重修,原甃以砖石早年被拆除,城内大多荒芜,间杂少量农田,城内水泉已被流沙所埋。城东门泉眼尚存ï¼?958年围绕泉眼修建涝池,用于周围群众取水。隶属关系以其地随盐池县沿革而变迁,唐、西夏隶盐州,元时属环州辖地,明属宁夏后卫,清属灵州花马池分州ã€?913 年后属盐池县,今为盐池县冯记沟乡铁柱泉村ã€?/p> <p>铁柱泉古城,外墙包砖已毁,今仅存有完整的黄土夯筑城墙。东城门及瓮城保存较好,城门的砖筑夯顶尚在,ä¸?0米有一泉眼流量不大。城内有高大的建筑基台。现为村民耕地,外墙已被流沙掩埋ã€?/p> <p align="center"><b>兴武营古城简ä»?/b></p> <p>兴武营故城属于高沙窝镇二步坑村,距盐池县城西åŒ?8公里,据《嘉靖宁夏新志》卷三记载:“旧有城,不详其何代何名,惟遗废址一é?俗呼为半个城。”正统九å¹?1444å¹?都御史金濂始筑此åŸ?就其旧基,设都指挥守备。城周回三里八分,高二丈五尺。池深一丈三å°?阔二丈。西、南二门及四角皆有楼。据实地考察古城略为矩形,东墙é•?10ç±?西墙é•?80ç±?南墙å®?70ç±?北墙å®?80米,为黄土夯ç­?基宽12ç±?残高9米左å?顶部残宽3一5米。曾瓮有砖石,早年被拆除。四隅有角台,原有æ¥?今已毁。墙体筑有腰å¢?东墙5ä¸?西墙4ä¸?南墙4ä¸?北墙5个。开西、南二门带瓮城。瓮城均以叠涩砖拱券门。城中间原置鼓楼。南瓮门外百米处有一口古井,俗谓龙踏井。兴武营是长城沿线的重要城障,有“灵夏重地,平庆要藩”之称ã€?/p> <p><b>规划建设内容</b>:古代边塞军营;现代边塞训练营;二道边碑亭;龙塔井亭;观景台;长城名人苑;边塞客栈ã€?/p> <p align="center"><strong>野湖井城</strong></p> <p align="center"> <img border="0" src="/images/_mediafileycwebsite201603292orrttt3kl.jpg" width="600" align="middle" /></p> <p>位于盐池县王乐井乡边家洼行政村野湖井自然村,宋代,尚未核定为保护单位。村西,据《万历朔方新志》卷一载,万历三十五年ï¼?607年)始筑,城平面近正方形,边长约220米,墙以黄土夯筑,高3-8米,基宽9米,夯层åŽ?5厘米。东墙辟门,门道å®?.6米,城四隅有角台,城北有建筑基址,城内地面有砖瓦和瓷器残片。有一季节性河流擦故城东北墙而过,四周城墙保存很好,城墙内被流沙堆积呈缓坡状。东墙基外侧有风蚀的凹槽。据考古调查与文献记载,宋代故城ã€?/p> <p align="center"><strong>英雄堡城</strong></p> <p>英雄堡城位于花马池镇英雄堡村å?000米, 又名永兴堡,始筑于弘治七年(1494年),平面呈曲尺形,东西é•?57米,南北å®?33米,墙以黄土夯筑,基å®?米,é«?-8米,顶宽2-4米,城四隅有角台,西墙正中辟门,门外设瓮城,城内中部和北部有建筑基址,地面有大量砖瓦和瓷器残片。为明代城址.</p> <p align="center"><b>张家场古城简ä»?/b></p> <p>张家场古城位于盐池县城西åŒ?7公里处的花马池镇张家场村。古城平面呈长方形,外城东西é•?200米,南北å®?00米;内城南北é•?38米,东西å®?20米。张家场古城外西å?0平方公里范围内分布有千余座墓葬ã€?984å¹´ã€?999å¹´ã€?009年曾先后3次对张家场古城进行了考古发掘。根据张家场古城文物调查和墓葬的考古发掘,结合文献记载和专家考证,张家场古城的时代可推断为秦代后期至东汉初年,距今已æœ?000多年历史。通过对出土文物的分析研究,证明了张家场古城在秦汉时期曾是一座少数民族聚居、畜牧业发达、商品交易频繁的中心城市。张家场古城是目前宁夏乃至鄂尔多斯台地保存最为完好,存在时间最长的秦汉古城之一,为研究秦汉时期北方城市布局、边疆游牧文化与中原农耕文化的交流与融合以及少数民族历史文化提供了珍贵的实物资料ã€?006年被国务院公布为国家重点文物保护单位。为了加强文物保护,2008年我县建设了文物保护工作站,总建筑面ç§?65平方米,陈列面积90平方米,陈列文物百余件ã€?/p> <p>张家场古城及墓葬出土文物千余件,有陶器、铜器、铁器、盐块和大牲畜骨骼等,以陶器为大宗,器形有罐、仓、灶、鼎、博山炉、鐎斗、圆壶、方壶、扁壶、盘等等ã€?/p> <p></p></div><div id="div_vote_id"></div> <p align="left" class="c1344_close"> 上一条:<a href="/html/info11972152.html">生态体验游景点:盐州大草原</a> </p> <p align="left" class="c1344_close"> 下一条:<a href="/html/info119712650.html">盐池县长城简ä»?/a> </p> <p align="right" class="c1344_close">ã€?a 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